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A Review of Recently Published Fingerprint Research (2016-2017)
by Robert Ramotowski, US Secret Service

Presented at the International Association for Identification 102nd Annual Educational Conference - August 2017
   
Another valuable annual review of friction ridge research publications.

 
                    
  

Validation in ISO 17025 Accredited Laboratories – Policy Guidance and a Recent Example of a Validation Study 
by Robert Ramotowski, US Secret Service

Presented at the International Association for Identification 102nd Annual Educational Conference - August 2017
   
This presentation includes information about how to structure validation studies for common processes (e.g., ninhydrin) as well as novel methods. An example of a recent study conducted in the presenter's laboratory is included.



   
  

Old vs. New Fingerprint Information Exchange
by Michaela Spankova, Stefania Bohmerova, Dusan Mikulaj Institute of Forensic Science, Slovak Republic  

Poster presentation at the International Association for Identification 102nd Annual Educational Conference - August 2017
   
This presentation addresses the little known pioneering work of the Denmark Police who initiated the world's first electronic encoding of fingerprint minutiae (incorporating some features of the modified Henry classification system) facilitating remote electronic identification (confirmation that minutiae corresponded) and exclusion.

Be sure to scroll-down through the multiple slides.

The NIST (NBS) 1969 technical note reviewing Jörgensen's system is online here. The 1922 English version of a book describing Jörgensen's "Distant Identification" system is online here.
 
       
  

Enhancing the Cyanoacrylate Fuming Method of Latent Prints via Coupling the Effects of Temperature and Humidity
by Leondra S. Lawson-Johnson and Mark Dadmun, Univ of Tennessee 

Poster presentation at the International Association for Identification 102nd Annual Educational Conference - August 2017
   
This presentation addresses the effects of various temperature and humidity combinations over time for the development of latent prints. Ambient development conditions (not artifically increased humidity) were shown to be optimal in this study. The presentation diagram shows a fuming cabinet with specimens positioned above the heated cyanoacrylate.
 
Be sure to scroll-down through the multiple slides, or
download the PDF file and open on your computer to see bookmarked sections.
 
   
    

IMPROVING THE RIGOR OF THE LATENT PRINT EXAMINATION PROCESS
PhD Thesis by Austin Hicklin
 
Now publicly available, this interesting and informative document details past, current and future developments, activities and ideas impacting the quality and thoroughness of latent print examination work in the demanding environment of the modern world. 

 

 
    
     
Development of Latent Fingermarks from Difficult Surfaces by Laser Light Sources
by Shiquan Liu, PhD
Institute of Evidence Law and Forensic Science China University of Political Science and Law
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference - August 2016
   
This presentation explains successful laser development and visualization techniques applied to difficult surfaces, including bricks, stone, wood, train tickets and cloth. The presentation includes contributions from Zhongliang Mi, Weisi Cai, and Brian Dalrymple. 
                          
  
ENFSI Best Practice Manual for Fingerprint Examination
by Maj. Aldo Mattei, PhD
RIS Carabinieri, Italy
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference - August 2016
   
This presentation addresses the Best Practice Manual for Fingerprint Examination issued by the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes (ENFSI). The manual considers fingerprint examination from receipt of items into a laboratory to the delivery of a report as a seamless and interdependent process. It does not consider the recovery of fingermarks from the crime scene, although much of the information within the visualization chapter is relevant. The full manual is online here.
                       
  
The Strength of Conclusions
by Michelle Triplett, CLPE
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference - August 2016
   
This presentation discusses a more accurate and transparent approach for arriving at, and reporting, results. The full published paper addressed by the presentation is online here.  
          
    
A Review of Recently Published Fingerprint Research
by Robert Ramotowski, US Secret Service
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference
August 2016
   
This presentation provides a brief overview of a selection of articles published since mid-2015.  
          
    
Validation Studies in ISO 17025 Accredited Laboratories
by Robert Ramotowski, US Secret Service
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference
August 2016
   
This presentation addresses key elements of Level I, II and III validation procedures, including documentation.  
          
      
Unusual, Genius and Stupid Tactics for More Fingerprint and Face Identifications
by Ed German, Macon County (Illinois) Sheriff's Office
Presented at the International Association for Identification
101st Annual Educational Conference
August 2016
   
This presentation outines numerous options to consider for identifying more persons in current cases, and some cold cases, by working smarter (not harder) to balance accuracy, timely support and thoroughness. 
              
       
New Paradigm for Fingerprint
Reporting Without Individualization
 

by Henry Swofford, Chief Latent Print Unit
US Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory
Presented during a Forensic Technology Center of Excellence webinar on 14 July 2016

In November 2015, the Defense Forensic Science Center (DFSC) issued an Information Paper announcing the decision to cease using the terms “individualization” and “identification” in latent print technical reports and expert witness testimony. This presentation explained the reasoning behind the new reporting language of the DFSC. 

For over 100 years, fingerprint evidence has been used as a valuable tool for the criminal justice system.  Relying on the generalized premise of “uniqueness”, the forensic community has regarded fingerprint evidence as nearly infallible having the capacity to “individualize” the source of a fingerprint impression to a single individual.  While the uniqueness of a complete record of friction ridge skin detail is generally undisputed, the extension of that premise to partial and degraded impressions has become a central issue of debate.  Nevertheless, forensic science laboratories routinely use the terms “individualization” and “identification” in technical reports and expert witness testimony to express an association of a partial impression to a specific known source. 
 
Over the last several years, there has been growing criticism among the scientific and legal communities regarding the use of such terms to express source associations which rely on expert interpretation.  The crux of the criticism is that these terms imply absolute certainty and infallibility to the fact-finder which has not been demonstrated by available scientific data.  As a result, several authoritative scientific organizations have recommended forensic science laboratories not to report or testify, directly or by implication, to a source attribution to the exclusion of all others in the world or to assert 100% infallibility and state conclusions in absolute terms when dealing with population issues.  Consequently, the traditional paradigm of reporting latent fingerprint conclusions with an implication of absolute certainty to a single source has been challenged.  The underlying basis for the challenge pertains to the logic applied during the interpretation of the evidence and the framework by which that evidence is articulated.  By recognizing the subtle, yet non-trivial differences in the logic, the fingerprint community may consider an alternative framework to report fingerprint evidence to ensure the certainties are not over or understated.
            
   
Out of the Frye-ing pan and into the Fire
by Francis P. Senese
Presented at the Illinois Division, International Association for Identification's (IAI) 54th International Educational Conference - April 2016

This presentation details historical background and other important factors to consider for Dauberrt, Frye and similar scientific process challenge hearings. 
           
  
Transmogrification  - Surgical incisions and rotation of fingerprint focal point areas (e.g., cores, delta) before suturing.
            
      
     
Automated Face & FP Criminal Justice Resources
by Ed German
Presented at the Illinois Division, International Association for Identification's (IAI) 54th International Educational Conference - April 2016

This presentation details face and fingerprint repositories US law enforcement can leverage today to solve more crime... (even if they have no in-house face experts).
  
  
     
NIST Seeking Fingerprint Examiners for Facial Identification Study 
 
Dear Colleague,

One of the key questions in forensics is measuring the accuracy of facial forensic examiners.  To address this question, we are conducting the Measuring the accuracy of facial forensics comparisons research study.  This research study will measure the performance of facial forensic examiners using the tools and methods in their laboratory. We are recruiting facial forensic examiners to compare the faces in 20 image-pairs and answer a background survey. 
 
We are also recruiting non-examiner face experts and fingerprint examiners to take the same study.  Non-examiner face experts are familiar with faces but have not been trained in facial forensic comparisons. We are looking for fingerprint examiners who do not have experience in facial comparisons.  Fingerprint examiners have been trained forensic comparison but do not have experience with faces.  These two groups will allow for a detailed analysis of the accuracy of facial forensics comparisons. 
 
By participating in this research study, you will assist in developing a scientific measure of performance of facial forensic comparison.  These results may help meet the Daubert standard for the admissibility of expert witness testimony.
 
By volunteering for this research study, you may request your accuracy at comparing the extremely challenging faces in this study. If you are willing to volunteer, please contact the principle investigator, Dr. Jonathon Phillips, by email at jonathon.phillips@nist.gov or by phone at +1 301-975-5348.   
 
 
 
     
FBI's Biometric Center of Excellence
by Nick Megna, Unit Chief, Biometric Center of Excellence, FBI CJIS, Clarksburg, West Virginia
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI) 100th International Educational Conference - August 2015

This presentation details current activities and future plans involving the FBI's biometric projects including fingerprint, face, iris and voice modalities.

     
    
A Review of Recently Published Fingerprint Research
by Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the International Association for Identification (IAI) 100th International Educational Conference - August 2015

This presentation provides a partial overview of articles appearing in non-IAI publications during 2014-2015.

   
    
          
A Possible Model for R&D – Maintaining the “Scientist" in the Forensic Scientist
by Eliot Springer, Deputy Director NYPD Police Laboratory, New York City, NY

This presentation addresses obstacles and novel solutions to increase research and development in the modern forensic science laboratory environment. 
   
  
 
Improving Morale, Opening Lines of Communication, and Keeping the Criminalist Engaged
by Eliot Springer, Deputy Director NYPD Police Laboratory, New York City, NY

This presentation explains how implementing a variety of outside-the-box ordinary, unusual, and fun activities can improve the flow of communications, reduce stress, improve productivity and provide other benefits.
   
  
 
IT Project in Poland Supporting LP Development on Difficult Porous and Non-Porous Surfaces
by the Central Forensic Laboratory in Warsaw and the Police Academy in Szczytno, Poland

Poster presentation at the International Association for Identification's (IAI) 99th International Educational Conference - August 2014
  
This poster from S. Zubanski, A. Tyzwa, T. Szcepanski, K. Klemczak and U. Wieckiewicz outlines the planned development of software cataloguing and documenting validated processes for latent print development on difficult surfaces.  Additionally, IT development will include creation of a comprehensive electronic infrastructure supporting forensic units with modern software solutions for real world conditions. The project is supported by The National Centre for Research and Development.
       
  
 
       
Fingermark Visualisation Manual
by Helen Bandey, PhD
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI) 99th International Educational Conference - August 2014
  
The presentation explained and demonstrated the automated, interactive fingerprint visualization manual.  (These slides are not interactive, but include screen shots of sample pages from various sections.)

This manual replaces the widely used "Manual of Fingerprint Development Techniques." It has been vastly revised and extended and it is presented in a new style to reflect advances in both science and operational practice. 

The new manual has been implemented across all UK police forces. Others may purchase the electronic manual from tso-shop.co.uk

     

   
Administrative Decisions within the Universal Latent Workstation Software
by Patricia Mason, Training Instructor, FBI CJIS
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI)
99th International Educational Conference - August 2014
 
This presentation explains new features of the FBI's newest (soon to be released) ULW software.  New capabilities include civil database searches, a direct email interface (still being developed), Next Generation Identification (NGI) interface capabilities, and much more.
 

  

   
Understanding Digital Image Processing
by Allison Loll, PhD, CLPE
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI)
99th International Educational Conference - August 2014
 
This presentation (A Look Behind the Scenes: Understanding Digital Imaging Processing) addresses important aspects of digital imaging, including accurate and complete answers for image processing-related questions in court.

 
 

   
Conducting Forensic Science Research Projects
by Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the International Association for Identification's (IAI)
99th International Educational Conference - August 2014

Topics addressed include effective planning, research, design, conduct, documentation and publication of forensic science research.

   

   
Latent Print Research Projects
by Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the International Association for Identification (IAI)
99th International Educational Conference - August 201
4
 
This presentation covers a variety of US Secret Service research, including the following

- Developing Latent Prints on Coated Papers

- Developing Latent Prints on Stone Papers

- Impact of Latent Print Reagents on Ink Analysis

- Processing Business Envelopes with Polystyrene Windows

- Effect of Acidifying Ninhydrin on Latent Print Development
   
 


   
A Review of Recently Published Fingerprint Research
by Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the International Association for Identification (IAI)
99th International Educational Conference - August 201
4

It is difficult for most latent print examiners to keep up with articles published in so many different journals. This presentation provides a brief overview of a selection of articles published since 2013.


   


   
Evolution of Latent Print Development Techniques
by Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the IAI's 98th International Educational Conference - August 2013

   


   
Latent Print Development and Identification Survey
by Robert Ramotowski and Didier Meuwly, PhD
Presented at the IAI's 98th International Educational Conference - August 2013

  


   
Fingerprint Source Book
This UK source book was discussed by Rory Downham during his above presentation about the Home Office's new Fingerprint Visualisation Manual at the IAI's 98th International Educational Conference - August 2013
 


   
An Evaluation of a Novel One-step
Fluorescent Superglue Process

by Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the International Association for Identification's
97th International Educational Conference on 26 July 2012


  

   
The Use of Anti-Stokes Upconversion Powders and Infrared Laser for Fingerprint Visualization

by Marisa Bender and Robert Ramotowski
Presented at the International Association for Identification's
97th International Educational Conference on 26 July 2012

  

   
Nonconformities, Corrective
Actions and Root Cause Analysis
for Latent Print Decisions

by Frank Fitzpatrick
Presented at the International Association for Identification's
97th International Educational Conference on 26 July 2012


Click here for a black and white version of the above slides. 


 
Small, Large and Very Large AFIS Operations
Things to consider when you specify a new system or upgrade...
by Behnam Bavarian
Presented at the International Association for Identification's
97th International Educational Conference on 26 July 2012



 
Understanding Basic Statistical Concepts
(as Applied to Fingerprints)

Presented by Michele Triplett, CLPE
at the International Association for Identification's
97th International Educational Conference on 24 July 2012




Recent Advances in the Use of Physical Developer
Presented by Robert Ramotowski
at the International Association for Identification's
97th International Educational Conference on 24 July 2012




Fingerprint Quality Analysis: a PC-Aided Approach
Presented by Aldo Mattei
at the International Association for Identification's
97th International Educational Conference on 23 July 2012



Recording and Using Photoshop Actions to Streamline Workflow in Latent Enhancement and Crime Scene Photography
Presented by Michael W. Reidling
at the International Association for Identification's
97th International Educational Conference on 24 July 2012


Evidence for Expertise in Fingerprint Identification
Presented by Matthew Thompson
at the International Association for Identification's
97th International Educational Conference on 24 July 2012



More 2012 IAI Presentations coming soon...



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Latent Print Exam Study Questions
Courtesy of Henry Templeman of the San Jose Police 
Department

Right-click and download the above PDF file to review on your computer.  (PDF File help tips are here.)

These study questions are neither IAI LPCB approved nor endorsed - but may help give examiners an idea of their knowledge level in preparation for the LPCB Exam.  These questions were prepared in 2006 and thus do NOT include materials from more recent reference materials.  Be sure to study all the cited reference materials to acquire knowledge sufficient to pass.

 



The Philosophy of Friction Ridge Examination
...see an interesting presentation by Boyd Baumgartner (via vimeo).  Here is a link to other vimeo presentations he has created.  You can also take Boyd's practice Ten Print Certification test at www.fs2d2.com

 


Tips, Tricks and Best Kept Secrets (Universal Latent Workstation and NGI) presented 11 August 2011 by Jeff Carlyle at the 96th Annual IAI Educational Conference.
  


   
Latent Print Development Techniques for Thermal Paper presented 10 August 2011 by Aldo Mattei and Federico Cervelli at the 96th Annual IAI Conference.
   

 


  
Chicken or the Egg: Process for Latent Prints or DNA First? presented 9 August 2011 by Diana Tabor and Karley Hujet at the 96th Annual IAI Conference.
  

 

 
Community of Fingerprint Experts in Columbia


Fingerprint Sourcebook - now available here. This is the sourcebook that many of us have heard about (and worked on) in recent years. 
    

Get the Latest Version of Universal Latent Print Workstation (ULW 6.0 plus)...  Even if You Do Not Currently Submit Latent Print Searches Directly to the FBI, You Can Use ULW Extended Feature Set Capabilities to Help with Casework Documentation of Level 1, 2 and 3 Information.  ULW now includes improved casework management tools.   


SWGFAST Glossary and other Documents  


NIST Latent Fingerprint Home Page


 

NAS Report:  Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward

  

Access the 41-page Free Executive Summary here.

 

Report Description from the National Academies Press

"Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community.

The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs."

 

News Release on the report.

  

Access the report here

NAS
                                                          Report image

Webcast of the 18 Feb 2009 NAS briefing.

 


 

New forensic term after 18 Feb 2009 (?):  

Nif·ty [ níftee ]

adjective (comparative nif·ti·er, superlative nif·ti·est)

Definition:

1. compliant with National Institute of Forensic Science requirements.

2. stylish and good-looking: fashionable and good-looking

3. agile: good, quick, and clever at doing something or using something

4. very good: very good or effective

 


Click here to see news articles on this topic. 

 


Identifying the Needs of the Forensic Sciences Community  Interesting documents online at the National Academies of Science Committee on Science, Technology and Law


 

Presented by the FBI Laboratory at the IAI Conference on 18 August 2008

Right-click and download before opening these large files:

PDF Slides (2.4 Mb)

PowerPoint Slides (3.1 Mb)

 


 

See new Standards and Draft Standards from SWGFAST   

 


 
Position Paper on Latent Fingerprint Identification from the IAI...  29 Nov 2007, from the International Association for Identification.
 

 

Acid
                                                          Yellow FP

ACID YELLOW Development of Bloody Latent Prints on Dark Surfaces... 
27 Jul 2007 IAI presentation
, courtesy of the US Army Criminal Investigation Laboratory.

Right-click here to download the large PowerPoint version of this presentation, then open on your computer.

Right-click here to download the large PDF version of this presentation, then open on your computer.


Ninhydrin Development without expensive or dangerous solvents.  Research from Korea...


Major Case Prints DRAFT Card 
A new card for recording all finger joints/tips and thenar (base of palm) areas was drafted by SWGFAST in September 05.   It is anticipated that the new Major Case Prints form number will be FD-884A.
 
The new card is intended to facilitate comprehensive record finger and palm prints (AKA Major Case Prints) when fully completed with existing FBI Fingerprint Card (Form FD-249 front and back ) and FBI Palmprint Card (Form FD-884 front and back ) records.   The below draft design has not been approved by the FBI and may undergo modifications during vetting with the IAI and other internal and external interested parties.   See the CLPEX.com discussion
about MCPs and the new card here.     
 
  new card
Blank Card Front

new card
Blank Card Back
 
new card
Sample Card Front with Prints

new card
  Sample Card Back with Prints

new card
  Card Front Block Sizes

new card
  Card Back Block Sizes
 
MCP standardization will assist AFIS as more vendors design systems for handling all friction ridge areas of the hands.  




Interesting transcript from a BBC February 2006 Newsnight interview with Dr. Itiel Dror on the topic of
contextual bias and experts.  
 

 
Madrid Error Prints, including Algerian Ouhnane Daoud's record print, are online here
.





The US Department of Justice's March 2006 documents related to the Madrid Error are online at
http://www.usdoj.gov/oig/special/s0601/PDF_list.htm

(Recommend downloading these files before opening from your computer).

Among other findings, the 330 page report criticizes the FBI Laboratory's Examination SOP, and SWGFAST guidelines, as repetitive, vague and general.  

The five-page conclusion from the report is available here
(much smaller file) .  
 
 


" The Myth of Goats : How many people have fingerprints that are hard to match?"
by Austin Hicklin, Craig Watson and Brad Ulery

Published as a NIST Interagency Report, NISTIR 7271

   
  



7 Sep 2005 Massachusetts Supreme Court Oral Arguments (swf file type) about Admissibility of Simultaneous Impressions RE: Commonwealth v. Patterson
 

Additional details at clpex.com

New Hampshire June 2005 Daubert Challenge  

Another Simon Cole Article about Fingerprint Error Rates ...Cole begins by hinting that fingerprint testimony is similar to selling fake insurance policies (right-click to save and open this 94 page pdf document)
Click here for the FBI Laboratory Special Report on the Madrid print erroneous identification.

The Madrid Error Prints are online here .
       

Reagents
                                                          Screen
                                                          Snapshot
Processing Reagent Guide

Alex Mankevich's Excellent Resource at CBDIAI
  
 
Shirley McKie Case Update

  Click here for the latest details at
www.shirleymckie.com

 
New Books on AFIS and Biometrics

Peter
                                                          Komarinski's
                                                          AFIS Book
  
Woodward's
                                                          Biometrics
                                                          Book


  
Faulds
                                                          Monument
Dr. Henry Faulds Monument in Japan


Stephen Meagher's August 2002 
IAI Conference Daubert Presentation

(hint... right click the Daubert Presentation link and save to your computer for best results)

The CLPE Roster has been updated.
" Do Fingerprints Lie? " another article ignoring the existence of standards and certification in the fingerprint discipline. Michael Specter's 27 May 2002 piece in The New Yorker
Online article about the alleged ease in spoofing biometric fingerprint readers (Gummi Bears?). Related commentary appears here

In considering the concept of spoofing biometric systems, don't forget that biometric fingerprint reader systems do not identify fingers, but instead determine whether the ridge detail pressed on the reader is similar enough to the registered fingerprint data to trigger a green light instead of a red light using matching criteria AS SET FOR THAT SYSTEM. - Ed German

RUVIS-related commercial links:

e-symposium 
spex 
crimescope 
jobinyvon 


What is a Daubert Hearing and how do you pronounce it?
 

 
A Statement Regarding Am eri can News Shows and Articles about Fingerprint Evidence Credibility in Court...


 

13 March 2002 Order from Judge Pollak
Judge Pollak Reversed Himself
US v LLERA PLAZA

Judge Pollak Reverses Himself
The Honorable Louis H. Pollak wrote:
Based on the foregoing considerations, I have concluded that arrangements which, subject to careful trial court oversight, are felt to be sufficiently reliable in England, ought likewise to be found sufficiently reliable in the federal courts of the United States, subject to similar measures of trial court oversight. In short, I have changed my mind. "Wisdom too often never comes, and so" - as Justice Frankfurter admonished himself and every judge - "one ought not to reject it merely because it comes late." (7 January 2002 Court Decision partially against fingerprints Court Decision )
 
 

US v LLERA PLAZA Memorandum of Law in Support of Government's Motion for Reconsideration of the Court's Exclusion of Fingerprint Opinion Testimony (71 pages - Filed 28 JAN 02)

 

US v LLERA PLAZA Government's Motion for Reconsideration of FP Evidence Exclusion and for Permission to Present Limited Additional Evidence (Filed 18 JAN 02)

 
The Reliability of Fingerprint Identification -
A Case Report

PA v. Vikara, Convicted After Starrs' Testimony
Prof. James Starrs was called as an expert in the methodology of fingerprint comparison, but renounced much of his written report during cross-examination.  Hearing was October 22, 2001... Defendant convicted of 1st Degree Murder and Robbery... sentenced to death. Defendant died January 10, 2002 in the State Correctional Institute at Camp Hill, PA.

A Judge Takes a Close look at Simon Cole
A New York state judge listened to testimony by Simon Cole about why he considers the science of fingerprint identification suspect... and ruled, ..."Even applying the Federal Court's Daubert Standard, what Dr. Cole has offered here is 'junk science"... 
( Court Decision ) ( Cole's Testimony )

One of Bin Laden's Terrorists Tried a Daubert Challenge to FP's   - After his April 6, 2001 conviction, Ahmed Ressam was known to most of us as just another criminal who failed in his bid to exclude incriminating fingerprint evidence. As Paul Harvey would say, we now know the rest of the story... 

Discussion Forum at OnIn
Read what your peers are asking and answering... 

ANSI/NIST:  Click HERE to read ANSI/NIST-ITL 1-2000. It covers the " Data Format for the Interchange of Fingerprint, Facial, & Scar, Mark & Tattoo (SMT) Information " and is the revision of ANSI/NIST- CSL 1-1993 & ANSI/NIST- ITL 1a-1997. 
And YES , it does cite the new 1000 ppi higher resolution friction ridge file types... and the 1K, 2K, etc., migration path for higher resolution.  Congratulations to Mike McCabe, the IAI, SWGFAST and other organizations and individuals responsible for helping craft improved national standards!

Equipment and Supplies
Find your goodies online...
 

FBI Forensic Science Communications
Forensic Science Communications is a forensic science journal published quarterly in by FBI Laboratory personnel. It is a means of communication between forensic scientists.
 

FBI LP Processing Guide
Right-click the above link to download the Year 2000 FBI Latent Print Processing Guide.  This document is 344 KB and will work best if you download it to your computer (especially if you are using a telephone modem).

2000 Version, by Tim Trozzi,
                                    Rebecca Schwartz, and Mitch Hollars
Many thanks to  Tim Trozzi, Rebecca Schwartz, and Mitch Hollars of the FBI Lab for updating the manual, and to the FBI for making the Year 2000 version public. 

Fingerpint Consultants
Experts with an online presence... 

INS Fingerprinting $$$
Anticipated to cost up to $500 million, Senate Bill 1491 introduced on 3 OCT 01 will hopefully sail thru Congress quickly in this time of need for fingerprint screening in America.

INTERPOL AFIS Expert Group
The IAEG is currently composed of representatives from eight member countries: Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Norway, Spain, United Kingdom, and the United States, representatives from Interpol and an observer from Europol. It is the charter of the IAEG to develop and propose for adoption... 

Help Wanted... LP Examiner Jobs
Looking for a change? Ready to retire and start anew?... 


  The Future of the LP Discipline
Slides from  the
July 2001 IAI Conference


Level 1, 2 and 3 Detail
Level 1 includes the general ridge flow and pattern configuration.  Level 1 detail is not sufficient for individualization, but can be used for exclusion.  Level 1 detail may include information enabling orientation, core and delta location, and distinction of finger versus palm.  Level 2... 

Prints on Skin
Because the same chemicals naturally deposited in latent prints are also present on the rest of the body's skin, successful latent print detection on skin normally involves a contaminant of some type (blood, dirt, lipstick, wet paint, vaseline, etc.).  I recommend detectives look carefully at the victim's skin for any obvious "finger or palm ridge detail" (not just red marks on the skin).  Success may come in the form of ... 

Problem Idents
There is zero tolerance for friction ridge identification error in forensic science.  Ignoring  standards causes errors.  A minimum number of Galton detail "points" does NOT equal an identification standard.  The standard for identification is not a number.  As demonstrated below...

Ruthenium Tetroxide
Used more in Japan than the US, here's another tool to be aware of...

LP Examination Safety - OSHA Report
In February 1992, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) received a request for a health hazard evaluation (HHE) from a management representative of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in Washington, D.C. The request was submitted because of concern about...


Those interested in furthering their knowledge will want to read David Ashbaugh's new book . Visit your library, borrow a friend's or buy one. 




Sample Expert Testimony (decades old, but still interresting)
(Testimony about Lee Harvey Oswald) My full name is Sebastian Francis Latona. I am the supervisor of the latent fingerprint section of the identification division of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. I attended Columbia University School of Law, where I received degrees of LL.B. LL.M., M.P.L. I have been with the Federal Bureau of Investigation for a little more than 32 years. I started in the identification division as a student fingerprint classifier, and since that time I have worked... 

SCAFO
This non-profit organization was founded in 1937 with forty charter members dedicated to the profession of fingerprint identification. This Southern California based association is comprised of more than 300 members from over 50 different law enforcement agencies... 

Shirley McKie.com
Website devoted to the victim of the Scottish Criminal Record Office's fingerprint identification error.

Super Glue Fuming
Cyanoacrylate (Superglue) Fuming Tips - Lessons Learned - Caution otes - Safety Background Information - Discovery Timeline... 

SWGFAST - Peer Reviewed National Standards
In 1995, the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation, hosted a group of latent print examiners at the FBI academy to discuss developing consensus standards which would preserve and improve the quality of service provided by the latent print community.... 

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